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Supplement to ANTI- VIVISECTION. 

ajv exposition of vivisection. 

The following concise definition of Vivisection, and various facts connected 
with the practice, is f i-om the pen of Mrs. Sara Thorpe Thomas, of Alexan- 
der, Arkansas, and reprinted from The Farmers^ Director, of Madisonville, Texas. 
As a means of much information in small compass this pamphlet should be 
perused by those willing to become informed upon a subject now under general 
discussion. Mrs. Thomas has at command the liublished authority for every 
statement herein contained. Let all who hope for Mercy or Peace in the final 
adjustment of human affairs nerve themselves to examine these pao-es and then. 
come over and help m^.— ILLINOIS ANTI-VIVISECTION SOCY., Aurora, III^ 

Apparatus for studying the "Meclianism of Death by Heat." — Bernard's Lecons sur la ckaleur 
Animale (Paris) p. 347. Living dogs, rabbits and pigeons were thus baked or boiled to death. 

It is so short a time since public 
attention has been directed to the 
practice of vivisection that many do not 
know what it is, and othei^s will not be- 
lieve its horrors are perpetrated in our 
own country. Vivisection is the cut- 
ting up of animals, and includes many 
other modes of toi-ture, such as suffocat- 
ing, starving, baking, freezing, dissect- 
ing out different internal organs, etc., 
etc. . It is carried on in nearly all Med- 
ical Colleges and Universities in 
Europe and America, and it has been 
introduced into many private and pub- 
lic schools, principally at the North, in 
which animals are dissected alive before 
classes by teachers, Vjoth men and wo- 
men. Vivisectors deceive and quiet the 

public by claiming these horrible acts 
are '"for the benefit of mankind" and in 
'•the interests of science," but read the 
following with this thought in mind 
and see if there is anything that in the 
remotest way could be of use in the 
treatment of human beings. 

According to the published records 
of the vivisecxors, in books, pamphlets 
and medical journals, from which, 
mostly, we obtain our information, up 
to October 1894. they have been engaged 
in baking dogs. cats, rabbits and other 
animals, and birds, in ovens made 
especially for that purpose with glass 
sides so all the agony can be seen by the 
tormentor as he stands with book in 
hand and makes notes of his victim's 

actions and breathing, as death 
approaches. They have roasted them 
in both dry and damp heat, sometimes 
with the heads out so their temperature 
could be taken as it rises. 

Vivisectors, according to their own 
published testimony, have skinned ani- 
mals alive and wrapped them in differ- 
ent substances, covered with oil and 
varnishes to see how long they could 
live without a natural skin. They dip 
others in boiling oil, and water, and 
still others they rub with inflammable 
substances like turpentine, and set them 
on fire; they starve animals and feed 

them on unnatural substances like peb- 
bles, earth and the vilest filth; pour 
melted lead into their ears; make holes 
in their stomachs and pour in boiling 
water; break their bones by blows from 
heavy mallets and stone bottles, and 
bruise the flesh so thoroughly the bones 
can be drawn from it; dislocate the 
limbs and confine the dogs for months 
in plaster casts so the joints will heal 
permanently stiff; cut holes in the skull 
and wash out the brains — put in the 
brains of other animals, or tear them in 
pieces, so that as one vivisector said, 
"they looked like newly hoed potatoe 


Dr. A. M. Phelps, of New York, twisted and bound the legs of dogs In unnatural positions; forced 
the leg of one dog over its back, binding it, and sealing it in plaster-of-paris; kept it thus 145 days. 
The above illustration is an exact copy of the drawing accompanying the article written by Dr. Phelps 
and published in "Laboratory Researches." They who know the pain of a limb even a short time in 
a cramped position can imagine the sufferings of this dog. 

fields;" divide the back bones of large 
animals, like horses, mules and kine, 
with a chisel and destroy the spinal 
marrow by running wires through it, 
or lay it bare to be stimulated by pass- 
ing e'ectricity over it which causes the 
most indescribable agony. The nerves 
are also seperated from the surround- 
ing flesh by carefully picking it away 
and in this state experimented on with 
electricity, acids, heat, &c, &c. Inter- 
nal organs are cut out, like livers, kid- 
neys and stomachs, and in the latter 
case organs of other animals put in, and 
the one operated upon made to vomit. 

Vivisectors, according to their own 
published testimony, freeze animals to 
death, suffocate them by slow drowning 
and plastering up the mouth; they in- 
oculate them in the brain, eyes, ears, 
with dreadful diseases like hydropho- 
bia, and inject drugs, poison of snakes, 
powdered glass, and vile substances un- 
der the skin to produce ulcers and ab- 
cesses which keep the poor creatures 
in fearful agony for months before they 
die; they are also compelled to breathe 
corrosive gases which make the lungs 
and all the air passages a mass of raw 
flesh. They fasten animals till they grow 

together, stiffen them like iron by 
pp.tting- them under compreased oxy- 
gen; try in every conceivable way to 
make them commit suicide to get rid 
ui pain. 

These fearful outrages are perpe- 
trated upon man's most faithful friend, 
the dog; upon our more timid pets, cats, 
rabbits, guinea pigs, white rats and 
mice as well as gi'ey ones; upon pig- 
eons, frogs, iind indeed upon every spe- 
cies of living creatures the ''experi- 
menters" can secure. 

So pitiless and hardened do vivisec- 
tors become to sulTering that, accord- 
ing to their own published testimony, 

5. ? §■ 

o 52, 

thiy watch the most terrible agony 
which they themselves have caused, 
with feelings of pleasure, patience and 
'■joyful excitement." Pror'. Goltz says. 
"It was 'marvelous and astonishing,' to 
find that a dog that had served for 
some seven experiments, whose breasts 
had been cut off, whose hind quarters 
were completely paralyzed, and whose 
spinal marrow had been destroyed, the 
animal suffering afterward from fatal 
peritonitis, v/as still capable of natural 
feelings for its yonng. ''She unceas- 
ingly Jicked the living and the dead 
puppy (bom on the torture table) and 
treated the living puppy with the same 

3 i 


tenderness an uninjured dog might 


Every vivisector declares to the out- 
side world that chloroform or other 
anaesthetics are used to make the ani- 
mal insensible to pain while they are 
at work upon it, but thei.- recoid of 
their own experiments show they 
rarely use anything of the kind for 
various reasons. Some animals, like 
dogs, for instance, are so sensitive to 
chloroform that they die before being 
stupified. Hence, to them chloroform 


and ether cannot be safely adminis- 
tered, for they would defeat the objects 
of the vivisector; and anaesthesia can- 
not be prolonged through the days and 
weeks of suffering consequent upon the 
result of inoculations with drugs or 
bacilli of the virulent diseases like 
cholera, yellow fever, small-pox, etc. 

They do indeed use curare, a drug 
which paralyses the muscles so the 
animals cannot move or cry out, but 
it rendei's their nerves so sensitive 
their sufferings are far more dreadful 
than without it. Claude Bernard, called 

\/' - V i 

"the prince of vivisectors" says of cu- 
rare: "This death that seems to steal on 
in so gentle a manner and so exempt 
from pain, is, on the contrary, accom- 
panied by the most atrocious sufferings 
that the imagination of man can con- 


Vivisectors say their inoculations are 
"not more painful than the prick of a 
needle," but as they are vaccinating 
the animals with hydj'ophobia, diph- 
tiieria, anthrax, cholera, and usin;4' the 

most dreadful substances to produce in- 
flammation, the suifering attendant 
upon these operations are if possible 
more horrible than those where death 
follows in a few hours. 

Vivisectors claim for themselves 
some of the most impoi'tant discoveries 
in medical science, and though it has 
been proved over and over again that 
vivisection had nothing whatever to do 
with them, with an effrontery that 
would shame the veriest mountebank 
they still delude tho credulous public 
with the same old falsehoods which 




Ludwig's machine for 'nuasuring the rate of the blood current in Livim; 
Rabbits.— Cyan, Table XXII. 

gi-ow stale to the men and women whose 
horror of this work has brought on in- 

Vivisectors say they "only use -a few 
animals." Do they not own this is 
false when their records show tho fol- 
lowing? Victor Hjrsley, of London, 
acknowledged the use of 38i cats and 
364 monkeys for a particular puri)ose. 
Paul Bert performed his most awful 
experiments on 585 animals. Fontana 
caused 4.000 animals to be bitt>';i by 

poisonous snakes. Between 1850 and 
1852 there were 26.0W dogs, 25,000 oits 
and rabbits, and 5,000 horses, asses and 
cattle vivisected in Vienna alone. Or- 
fila poisoned 6.000 dogs; S( hilf vivi- 
sected 14.000 foi" one purpose, and alto- 
gether, 70,000 in his two year's work in 
Florence. Majendie sacrificed 4,000 
dogs to prove one theory and 4,000 more 
to disprove it; Flourens did cruelly to 
death another enoriaous number to re- 
prove it; Pasteur, v/ho claims to pre- 

v.ent hydrophobia, is visiting many 
un-nameable torments upon thou- 
sands of innocent animals at the pres- 
ent time. Koch, who professed to cure 
consumption, used thousands upon thou- 
sands of animals in inhuman and use- 
less experiments. Koch has gone to 
his rewai-d ''unhonored and unsung." 
The Doctors themselves giving lit- 
tle credit to either Koch or Pasteur for 
their "discoveries."' We learn this 
from their published letters and 

After excusing all this fiendish work 
by claiming it is to benefit mankind, 
they come out and plainly say the low- 
er animals are so entirely different 
from man that the knowledge they get 
"is not reliable." Drugs and surgical 

operations act so entirely unlike in 
many cases on men and animals that 
they "are misleading" and on these 
grounds they urge the necessity for hu- 
man subjects. They say "it is right 
that the few should suffer for the many; 
give us criminals v.'ho have forfeited 
their claims on society, and the inmates 
of the almshouses and hospitals. " With- 
out waiting to receive this gift volun- 
tarily from the people vivisectors have 
taken t!ie privilege of experimenting 
on living men, women and children, and 
it makes one's blood run cold to read 
the record.s of what they have done in 
hospitals -namely: Grafted cancers on 
I)atient3 while they were under the in- 
fluence of chloroform and not com-cious 
of what was being done; tickled and 

Windpipe of a Living Dog dissected out to stop the cries of the animal, tinder othev 
experimentation. — Be Graaf, No. 5. 

pricked the soles of a woman's feet day 
after day to produce convuitiions; in- 
jected different drugs into insane per- 
sons which produced such agony they 
begged it should not be done and even 
struggled so against it the vivisectors 
said they "were obliged to use force." 
Persons known to be dying were exper- 
imented on in many ways as stated "to 
furnish reports to the MedicalJournaV' 
The effects of drugs, poisons and inocu- 
lating with almost all the frightful dis- 
eases known, such as leprosy, erysipe- 
las, &c., have been tried in childrens' 
hospitals, some experiments commenc- 
ing with infants of a few hours. 

To such insane lengths does this un- 
holy passion for experimenting extend 
that a Dr. Wachsmuth. who, though 
knowing how to prevent and cure a 
certain disease his own child was suf- 
fering from, did nothing for him, in or- 
der to v/atch the course of the disease. 
Another, Dr. Lund, fed his own healthy 
son on milk from a diseased cow to pro- 
duce tuberculosis and succeeded in do- 
ing to to his entire satisfaction. This 
spring (1894) M. McGowan brought suit 
against the city of San Francisco for 
seven strips of skin each one and a half 
by eight inches, stolen from his bodj 
for skin-grafting while a patient at the 

-• 0. r 


city hobpital. 

Thi.'< is vivisection — nothing but 
death — spiritual death to him who prac- 
tices it and physical destruction for his 
victims. It is true we see these men 
mingling socially with their fellows 
bat described in Holy Writ as "whited 
sepulchers which indeed appear beau- 
tiful outwardly but within are full of 
dead men's bones and all uncleanness." 
Their eyes cannot pity, their hearts 
cannot feel, and friend or foe are alike 
if they fall into their power when they 
can be used for "•experiment." Our 
own country is bfcoming full of it. and 
anxfous to ape the so called •'/Science" 
of foreign lands. The most barbarous 

experiments ever performed abroad, 
have already been repeated with great 
self congratulation in many of our own 
Universities. Nearly ai] institutes of 
learning have their vivisectjrs. home 
bred or from abroad, to teach physiol- 
ogy by untold torture of defenseless an- 
imals; but they like to call those from 
other countries vrho already have a 
'•reputation'' in connection with this 
diabolical sport. One example is the 
Western Reserve University, Cleve- 
land, Ohio, whore a Prof. Gad from 
Berlin officiates at the torture table. 

Four years ago the Worcester TeZe- 
gram, (Mass.) commenced a crusade 
against vivisection as carried on in 

■Luiye cloy on ichidi variouti experiments have lee)> nuule over night. It 
no worse.'' La PvessUm Barometrique. p. 637. PAUr. Bert. Paris. 

Cark University of that city with ths 
knowledge and consent of its founder 
Jonas Clark. Mr. Clark admitted that 
great pains hn.d bee,i taken to keep 
this work from the Knowledge of the 
people, bat was very much pleased that 
it was atrocious enough to be •'recog- 
nized in Europe and published in the 
Scientific Journals in Prussia." The 
reporter who would not have been ad- 
mitted had he asked permission, let 
himself into a room wiiere dogs were 
kept in all states of mutilation: the cats 
were in another place which reeked 
with heat, filth and odors. A Dr. 

Hodge officiates there now, and the 
amount of agony vhich he can cause 
with the $50,000 worth of machinery 
made especially for that purpose, can- 
not ever bo imagined. 

To stop this Satanic work, anti-vivi- 
section societies have been organized 
to spread information and circulate pe- 
titions to the General and State Gov- 
ernments to supi^ress it by law, for, 
strange as it may seem, a man may be 
punished for unmercifully whipping 
his horse but let him turn into a med- 
ical professor and he can cut him up 
alive by inches, and add to that every 

torture he can invent, for then he calls 
his work scknce. 

Great excitement was caused in 1892 
by the dissecting- of living horses 
without anaesthetics in the University 
of Pennsylvania. The existing laws 

of Pennsylvania provided no punish- 
ment for cruelty done by '"scientists." 
The agitation against vivisection 
commenced in Europe in 1874. There 
are now in operation there sixty-three 
anti- vivisection societies and branches. 

There are two societies in the United 
States^the American at Philadelphia 
and the Illinois, at Aurora, 111. The 
latter issues this Tract and begs the 
assistance of all who wish to "make the 
world better." 

A Restrictive Act passed the Brit- 
ish Parliament fourteen years ago, but 
was found so ineffective that all the so- 
cieties are demanding total abolition. 
Let us insist upon no compromise what- 
ever with the unclean thin;?. 




Mrs. a. K. Perry, 259 South Broadway, Aurora. Illinois. 


Rev. J. H. Acton, 
Mrs. Julia C. Acton, 

WnrrB Daw.son, 

Mrs. Dr. E. H. Gai.e. 



cannot ^ ' 


can be nsov mrs. Fairchild Allen, 104 North Fourth St. Aurora, Illinois, 

anxfous'to ape Asst. Secy., Miss Harriet E. Taylor. 

of foreign a.ncs EXECUTIVE committee: 

J. H. Acton, D. D., 
Hon. E. R, Allen, 
A. K. Perry, Esq., 
White Dawson. 

Mrs. Julia C. Acton, 
Mrs. S. Mccarty, 
Mrs. Lottie A. Mack, 
Mrs. Fairchild Allen 


Selected from active, vporking', contributing members: 

/'j&dss Frances Power Cobbe, Hengwrt, Dol- 
i)llil/i4iy , North Wales. 

'^''^Mrs. C. A. Meiser and Mrs. Nora T. Gause, 
Vice Presidents-at-large. 

Mrs. H. B. Williams, Bristol, Vt. 

Mr=,. F. B. Powell, Woodstock, Vt. 

Philip O. Peabody, Esq., Boston, Mass. 

Joseph M. Greene and Miss E. Louise Brown, 
Dorchester, Mass. 

Rodney Dennis. Esq., Hartford Conn. 

Miss Mary J. Carr, Broolilyn N . Y. 

C. A. Hamlin, Syracuse. N. Y. 

Miss Caroline Spencer. Catskill, N. Y. 

Christopher Roberts, Newark, N. J. 

Miss M. A. Peet and Mrs. Sarah Ellen Blackwell 
Washinffton, D. C. 

Thos M. Tm-vev. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rev. Henry S, Clubb. •• 

Mrs. Dr. Reverdy B. Stewart. Warren, Pa. 

Miss Kate V. Austin. Winchester, Ky. 

Mrs. Mary T. McTeer, Mar:rville, Tenn. 

Miss Fannie Alston, Charleston, So. C. 

C. L. Doll, Esq.. Montgomery, Ala. 

Mrs. W. S. Thomas. Alexander, Ark. 

Miss Sarah Munson, Zanesville. Ohio. 

Mrs. E. J. Smith, Tallmadge, Ohio. 

Miss Evelyn McCormick, LaFayette, Ind. 

Mrs. A. C. Elster, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Prof. David Swing, lohn T. Dale, Esq., Miss 
D. E. Dix, Miss Sarah Munson, Miss Maude B. 
Fairchild, Monroe Reese Rothschild and (i. G. 
Taylor, Chicago, 111. 

Mrs. M. W. Rouse, Peoria, IlL 

Mrs. Thomas W. Palmer and Mrs. Anna E. 
Mclntyre, Detroit, Mich. 

Mrs. J. H. French and Mrs Helen Lee, Beloit, 

Mrs. Wm. H. Bradley, Milwaukee, Wis. 
rs. Josiah Hocl^ing, Racine, Wis. 

Mrs. Velma C. Melville, Sun Prairie, Wis. 

Mrs. E. W. Williams, Winona. Minn, 

Mrs. Geo. W. Ogilvie, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Mrs. F. M. White, Shenandoah, 

Mrs. Frances Birdsall Stearns, Harristaui-g, 

Mrs. Anna Keating, California. 

Almon A. Locke, Esq., Los Angeles, Cali. 

Mrs. Lydia A. Irons, Marshall, WasliiUj-toa. 

The National Petition for the Total Abolition of Vivisection bears, to date, 
Dec. 1, 1894. 4,943 signatures. It reads thus, "I am opposed to Vivisection and 
hereby petition for its Toted Abolition.'''' Many are sending in the sum of Ten 
Cents, as requested, with the signatures. These little sums are gratefully 
received as well as the larger donations which comprise the bone and sinews of 
the Society's work. The Annual Membership fee is 50c; Life Membership $10. 
Those giving the lesser sums are designated as Patrons. We request all rnem- 
bers and patrons to distribute literatui'e among their friends and acquaintances. 
This will be furnished free— but payment for it will enable us to print more. 
The price of Anti- Vivisection, the monthly journal of the Society,, is 50c. 
per year. The price of this Tract is 10c. per doz; free to working member and 
patrons. Tli,ere are 67 societies working (in Europe and America) against Vivi- 
se(!tion. For further information address the Secretary. 

Mrs. Fairchild Allen, Aurora, III.